Sodom and Gomorrah are probably the two most infamous cities that ever existed, the name of one having established itself in the English language in a term evidencing an undying image of wickedness: sodomy. Although their notorious image persists, the cities themselves have been lost for millennia, and only in recent years have their sites been tentatively identified.
The Dead Sea is contained within a sunken block confined by two parallel geological faults, a configuration indicative of a catastrophic origin. The depression was not created by the action of water, and the “sea” is not really a sea but is a landlocked lake. We are told that during the Miocene Epoch (from 7 million to 26 million years ago), upheaval of the Mediterranean Sea bed produced the upfolded structures that caused the fractures forming the Dead Sea depression.